The activities of any company can be regarded as a set of business processes. In order to manage the company's work, you need to be able to describe, perform, monitor and improve these processes.
What is a process?
There are many definitions of this concept. We will adhere to the following:
A business process is a regularly recurring sequence of interrelated actions aimed at creating a certain product or service for consumers. Note that by consumers, we mean both internal and external customers.
Consider this example: a bank provides loans to its customers - this is a business process with an external customer. When the same bank recruits a loan specialist, the head of the bank’s department who is looking for a new employee will act as a customer. Such a business process satisfies the internal needs of the company.
Why do we need to describe processes?
Any organization has regulations and procedures that arrange and regulate the activities of employees. However, these regulations are often unclear and complicated for new hires. Apart from that, it can be difficult for managers to track the implementation of these regulations. This results in lower employee performance and decreases the whole company efficiency.
Business processes help you solve the problems mentioned. By describing all the procedures in form of business processes, you will make them transparent and understandable. Moreover, when describing processes you might find some unnecessary operations that consume a lot of time and money and exclude them from the processes. By optimizing and improving business processes, you can improve the efficiency of the company.
How to describe processes
Processes can be described in the form of job instructions, but it's preferable to use special notations. ELMA365 is based on the BPMN 2.0 notation. It allows not only describing the sequence of operations in a process but also defining its participants. This is undoubtedly one of the main advantages of the BPMN notation.
A business process in a BPMN is a diagram; each process participant is represented as a rectangle shape or a swimlane. All tasks and events the process participant is responsible for are placed inside a swimlane.
Below you will find an example of a Purchase process described in ELMA365:
This approach allows representing the company's operations as a chain of interrelated business processes rather than the work of separate departments. Each step in this chain can be optimized so that it brings added value to customers and, accordingly, ensures your competitive advantage.
In addition, a business process defines the way in which different departments can work together more effectively to achieve company goals. It clearly defines the roles and responsibilities of each participant in the process. Different departments do not need to fight for the same resources. As part of one process, they work together to achieve better results and increase productivity.
The described processes are easy to change and improve. Since the process is transparent and streamlined, it is easy to understand at what stage the improvement is needed, and what needs to be changed. A company that is able to quickly adapt to the changing market gains a competitive advantage.
Finally, the described processes can be automated with the help of such BPM systems as ELMA365. Automation allows you to reduce the risks associated with human errors, save time and increase productivity. All tasks will be assigned to employees automatically, in the order specified on the diagram. This means that all steps of the process will be completed, and you will get a predictable result of high quality.
You can learn more about the process approach, theory and practice of business process modeling on our youtube channel Naked BPM.