This article describes how to install PostgreSQL for Ubuntu Linux 20.04. You can also find a short user guide in the official documentation.

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In this article, we show an example with elma365 as the database name, elma365 as the user, and SecretPassword as the password.
When setting up PostgreSQL, follow your company’s security policies.

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Install PostgreSQL

For correct operation, you will need PostgreSQL version 10–13.

To install PostgreSQL, add the official repository:

sudo sh -c 'echo "deb $(lsb_release -cs)-pgdg main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pgdg.list'
wget --quiet -O - | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt update

Then install PostgreSQL:

sudo apt install postgresql-13

Configure PostgreSQL

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You can use the following characters in a password:

  • Capital Latin letters (A to Z)
  • Lowercase Latin letters (a to z)
  • Digits (0 to 9)
  • Symbols: !()-_+=$

конец внимание

To set up PostgreSQL, use the following commands:

  1. To work with the database, create a new user. In this example, we are creating a user with elma365 as the username and SecretPassword as the password. These username and password are only given as an example and can be changed.

sudo -u postgres psql -c "CREATE ROLE elma365 WITH login password 'SecretPassword';"

  1. Create a separate elma365 database and assign the dedicated elma365 user as its owner. You cannot use an existing database, as the system creates tables and charts:

sudo -u postgres psql -c "CREATE DATABASE elma365 WITH OWNER elma365;"

  1. Add the necessary extensions for the elma365 database:

sudo -u postgres psql -d elma365 -c "CREATE EXTENSION \"uuid-ossp\"; CREATE EXTENSION pg_trgm;"

Connection permissions for PostgreSQL

  1. In the /etc/postgresql/13/main/postgresql.confconfiguration file, add the IP address of the server where PostgreSQL is running to the listen_addresses parameter (for example,

sudo nano /etc/postgresql/13/main/postgresql.conf
listen_addresses = 'localhost,,' is the default IP address when allowing access to the host from MicroK8s by using the sudo microk8s enable host-access command.

  1. Open the authentication configuration file /etc/postgresql/13/main/pg_hba.conf and add the address of the network where elma365 nodes are working at the end of the file:

sudo nano /etc/postgresql/13/main/pg_hba.conf
host    all             all                 md5
host    all             all                 md5

  1. Restart the PostgreSQL service:

sudo systemctl restart postgresql

Configure restrictions and limits of PostgreSQL

  1. Open the /etc/postgresql/13/main/postgresql.conf configuration file for editing:

sudo nano /etc/postgresql/13/main/postgresql.conf

  1. Increase the maximum number of connections by changing the max_connections parameter to 2000:

max_connections = 2000

  1. Increase the maximum number of object locks per transaction by changing the max_locks_per_transaction parameter’s value to 512. You also need to uncomment this line (remove the # symbol):

max_locks_per_transaction = 512

  1. Restart the PostgreSQL service:

sudo systemctl restart postgresql

Connect to PostgreSQL

Use this command to connect to PostgreSQL:


Back up the PostgreSQL data using elma365ctl dump

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While a backup is being made, elma365 services are stopped, and the application becomes unavailable.

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  1. To make a backup of the PostgreSQL data, use the following command:

elma365ctl dump --parts=postgres --consistent 

  1. The dump will be saved to the /backup folder with a timestamp.

Restore the PostgreSQL data using elma365ctl restore

  1. Stop the application’s services and prepare the system for the data recovery using the following command:

elma365ctl restore --prepare

After that, you need to recreate the PostgreSQL database.

  1. Delete the elma365 database with the following command:


  1. Create a database and assign the dedicated user as its owner:


  1. Enable the required extensions in the database:


  1. Restore the data with the following command:

elma365ctl restore --parts=postgres --path=/backup/<dump_folder>

The system will be available again within a few minutes after the command is completed.

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